Dentures as a treatment are older than you may realize. Wealthy 8th century Italian people filled their gaps with teeth from another person or animals such as oxen. A band made of gold and metal was attached to remaining natural teeth. This contraption broke down quickly, but human teeth and animal bone remained the materials of choice until around the 18th century when porcelain was first used. Metals were introduced in the 19th century. Acrylic resin and other plastics followed in the 1900s.
While today’s dentures are made from many of the materials mentioned above, there are thankfully more types of dentures to fit your specific needs and wants comfortably and securely.
The type of material used depends on the type of denture customized to your mouth. For example, partial dentures generally include a plastic-covered metal base with plastic teeth. Complete dentures are generally made with a gum-colored, acrylic base and plastic or porcelain teeth.
The types of dentures above reflect technological and scientific advancements. Thanks to these advancements, we now have conventional, removable full and partial dentures, and a “hybrid”of traditional dentures and dental implants.
When you think of ways to replace a number of teeth, this may be the first option to come to mind. A removable denture is made from a flesh-colored, acrylic base and plastic or ceramic teeth. Full dentures are for edentulous or toothless patients. Any remaining teeth must be pulled and tissues healed before the denture is placed.
A related immediate denture can be inserted after teeth are pulled so you don’t have to be toothless while dentures are made in the lab and during the months when tissues are healing.
The basic concept behind this option is the same as with full dentures, only scattered gaps or spaces where multiple teeth used to be are replaced. The artificial teeth sit on top of a metal framework. This framework attaches to existing natural teeth. Partial dentures also offer a removable alternative to fixed bridges supported by surrounding, crown-covered abutment teeth.
Also known as an implant-supported denture, the gum-colored, plastic base is connected to the jaw via dental implants placed in the bone. Just like dental implant procedures to replace a single tooth or a few teeth, this is a permanent option. A key benefit is that the design most closely reconstructs the natural teeth, as it is connected to the jawbone by the artificial tooth root or implant. With such a natural design, natural function follows. The bone loss historically associated with removable dentures is minimized.
John L. Aurelia, DDS, PLLC has knowledge and experience with the latest advancements across a number of treatments, including dental implants, dentures and other restorations such as crowns and bridges. Call (248) 243-6044 if you are interested in learning more about denture types near Lake Orion.